archive-nz.com » NZ » W » WATERSCAPE.CO.NZ

Total: 73

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • CHRISTCHURCH EARTHQUAKES — COMPOST TOILETS | Waterscape
    in the back garden compost toilet a shallow hole in biologically active soil adding a carbon cover material and keeping the urine separate as much as practical as well as the indoor bucket system and wheelie bin composting In June immediately after the strong quake of that month another workshop was held after a request for more follow up People came from all around Christchurch to that workshop in New Brighton They then networked themselves with their own workshops building the emergency toilets and later sourcing wheelie bin containers from Invercargill with the assistance of Transition Town people in that region These follow on activities by people in Christchurch increased markedly from workshop to workshop Three workshops were held during a week in August and at the final Saturday workshop at the New Brighton community garden people just kept on coming and over a 100 people packed into the garden service building There was sympathetic media coverage which is an endorsement in itself and not one easily obtained Staff from the City and Regional councils came to workshops and by August there was a clear change in attitude from the local authorities with a readiness to listen to us which was definitely not there earlier on Scientists were interested in doing research to provide the numbers or evidential information that authorities need to OK something In one case this was stimulated by personal experience with compost toilets through their own need This community response demonstrated the need and the usefulness of what was being provided by this work undertaken through the permaculture project that developed over time as the team work built up and the workshops continued At the same time the work itself has created and refined both useful information about the use of compost toilets in emergencies and a successful workshop approach for the sharing of this information The website is being maintained as a site for information and to share ideas and collectively respond to questions and queries The team is now taking this knowledge and a focus on compost toilets as a community wide option in emergencies to other regions in New Zealand The response so far has been very positive and the Christchurch experience and their very real difficulties is clearly raising interest throughout New Zealand in these issues and the potential range of options available The small and slow approach taken with this project is starting to bear fruit The actions taken in Christchurch including all the workshops were directly with people at a community level and we came back only when there was a local request The initial steps were very small but the message did seep out and the adverse conditions generating an interest remained A repeated presence with a willingness to return when asked does add up and each time we went back the ideas had filtered further and the actions in terms of compost toilets in use increased Sharing our own practical experience gave us credibility and our neighbourliness was certainly appreciated by those who came to the workshops There is also nothing like seeing the real thing and the practical demonstration of the emergency compost toilets by people in Christchurch has been most effective in gaining acceptance EMERGENCY COMPOST TOILETS The emergency compost toilet system we are recommending is described on the website and in a booklet that can be downloaded from the site It uses cold composting which relies on good air circulation rather than heat to break down the manure and kill off pathogens There are two stages the use and containment in buckets within the home and then the outside storage for compost breakdown over a long period of time in wheelie bins or other suitable drums The final product of the composting is a soil humus material that can be added to a garden or onto soil and covered with a vegetative mulch or litter Only a small garden area is required for the spreading of the final composted material The toilet consists of two buckets in boxes or containers with a toilet seat on top There is a Pee bucket and a Poo bucket The Pee bucket has water in it and is for urine only It is emptied daily as there can be a strong ammonia smell if stored too long It is best emptied after the morning pee session The dilution should be at least 5 parts water to 1 part urine Urine is sterile and there are no health dangers from handling it although drugs medicinal and recreational and alcohol do pass through into the urine The diluted urine can be simply spread over any soil or grassed area It is a good source of nitrogen for plants A dry carbon material such as leaf litter dried grass rough sawdust or wood shavings is used in the Poo bucket This material contains and covers all the deposits As a bulky material it ensures air flow throughout and adds the carbon matter to start the natural composting process Some urine is fine and whatever comes out can go into the Poo bucket Some moisture is useful for composting but there should be sufficient bulky cover material to generally absorb the moisture present The toilet paper goes in too A container of the dry carbon material is kept beside the toilet and sufficient is added every time to ensure full coverage This is important to stop flies and insects being attracted to it and to prevent odours Some of this material is placed in the bottom of the bucket before use That is the toilet inside the home Two buckets in containers some water for the Pee bucket and some dry cover material for the Poo bucket It is simple and does not smell and being inside is certainly appreciated especially during a Christchurch winter The wheelie bin or other such covered drum outside is where the composting takes place The bin ensures full containment while the composting breaks down the material to

    Original URL path: http://waterscape.co.nz/208/ (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive


  • compost toilets | Waterscape
    voluntary response to bring information we had about compost toilets to people who were unable to use their flush toilets because of the damage to Continue reading Posted in Ecologia Nature Tagged compost toilets composting emergencies Permaculture resilience sewer systems Leave a comment Find things Search for Upcoming Events Residential Permaculture Course Jan 2014 Modular Permaculture Course finishes Nov 2013 Farmhouse Kitchen October 2013 Sites Pages HOME ABOUT US BLOG

    Original URL path: http://waterscape.co.nz/tag/compost-toilets/ (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • composting | Waterscape
    voluntary response to bring information we had about compost toilets to people who were unable to use their flush toilets because of the damage to Continue reading Posted in Ecologia Nature Tagged compost toilets composting emergencies Permaculture resilience sewer systems Leave a comment Find things Search for Upcoming Events Residential Permaculture Course Jan 2014 Modular Permaculture Course finishes Nov 2013 Farmhouse Kitchen October 2013 Sites Pages HOME ABOUT US BLOG

    Original URL path: http://waterscape.co.nz/tag/composting/ (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • emergencies | Waterscape
    voluntary response to bring information we had about compost toilets to people who were unable to use their flush toilets because of the damage to Continue reading Posted in Ecologia Nature Tagged compost toilets composting emergencies Permaculture resilience sewer systems Leave a comment Find things Search for Upcoming Events Residential Permaculture Course Jan 2014 Modular Permaculture Course finishes Nov 2013 Farmhouse Kitchen October 2013 Sites Pages HOME ABOUT US BLOG

    Original URL path: http://waterscape.co.nz/tag/emergencies/ (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Permaculture | Waterscape
    voluntary response to bring information we had about compost toilets to people who were unable to use their flush toilets because of the damage to Continue reading Posted in Ecologia Nature Tagged compost toilets composting emergencies Permaculture resilience sewer systems Leave a comment Find things Search for Upcoming Events Residential Permaculture Course Jan 2014 Modular Permaculture Course finishes Nov 2013 Farmhouse Kitchen October 2013 Sites Pages HOME ABOUT US BLOG

    Original URL path: http://waterscape.co.nz/tag/permaculture/ (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • resilience | Waterscape
    voluntary response to bring information we had about compost toilets to people who were unable to use their flush toilets because of the damage to Continue reading Posted in Ecologia Nature Tagged compost toilets composting emergencies Permaculture resilience sewer systems Leave a comment Find things Search for Upcoming Events Residential Permaculture Course Jan 2014 Modular Permaculture Course finishes Nov 2013 Farmhouse Kitchen October 2013 Sites Pages HOME ABOUT US BLOG

    Original URL path: http://waterscape.co.nz/tag/resilience/ (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • sewer systems | Waterscape
    voluntary response to bring information we had about compost toilets to people who were unable to use their flush toilets because of the damage to Continue reading Posted in Ecologia Nature Tagged compost toilets composting emergencies Permaculture resilience sewer systems Leave a comment Find things Search for Upcoming Events Residential Permaculture Course Jan 2014 Modular Permaculture Course finishes Nov 2013 Farmhouse Kitchen October 2013 Sites Pages HOME ABOUT US BLOG

    Original URL path: http://waterscape.co.nz/tag/sewer-systems/ (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • WATER — Medium of Life & its vitality | Waterscape
    degradation of soils by agriculture which also affects the air locally and globally The loss of riparian vegetation and habitats along the margins of rivers and streams alters the nature of the waterways and affects the transport of sediments and nutrients and their exchanges with groundwater and across floodplains Natural systems are full of exchanges transitions from one state to another and storages level on level in a repeating and interwoven way Our human systems to be healthy and sustainable must be part of and mimic the natural systems that contain and support us Thus our water supplies and re use of waste water should consist of multiple systems at different levels with different types and size of storage and a diversity of re use through different processes Urban areas need some large central supplies and a distribution network but the supplies should be diverse including rivers reservoir storage and groundwater as well as direct rainfall collection For a robust water supply the distribution network needs to have in built redundancy with looped or multiple primary feeders and mains connected to the different supply sources spread around the network The best storage is natural groundwater which is facilitated by forests It provides a vast reservoir and distributes itself through its flow through the ground It is a diffuse rather than a concentrated source which can be taped into for small supplies spread throughout a town or agricultural area In dry climates and near the coast it is vulnerable to salination and the removal of forests lowers groundwater levels generally while also bringing the salts in the soil close to the surface Groundwater away from forested hills and especially on alluvial or coastal plains can be very variable in quality Storing rainwater directly from hard surfaces in rainwater tanks or storage basins provides small scale distributed storage which can be used on gardens and for washing etc However hard surfaces should be minimised and shrub and tree areas maximised Mulching of gardens increases ground storage by improving rainfall infiltration and the retaining of soil moisture Rainwater is slightly acidic and is best used for washing our bodies as our skin moisture is slightly acidic The best water for drinking is slightly alkaline like the water in our bodies and mineralised This water is supplied naturally by relief springs which arise from base rock materials as dense cool water and by the forest enclosed streams that flow from them Drinking water is then better supplied separately from appropriate sources and not as part of washing and industrial water The re use of water following washing and industrial uses can be diverse and multi functional by having distributed and varied re use at different scales The type and degree of treatment required before re use depends on the initial use for instance when natural and biodegradable cleaners are used and the re use Water used by a single family for washing and then re used on their own garden has a very low

    Original URL path: http://waterscape.co.nz/water-%e2%80%94-medium-of-life-its-vitality/ (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive



  •